NetworkX is a Python language software package for the creation, manipulation, and study of the structure, dynamics, and function of complex networks. It is used to study large complex networks represented in form of graphs with nodes and edges. Using networkx we can load and store complex networks. We can generate many types of random and classic networks, analyze network structure, build network models, design new network algorithms and draw networks.

**Installation of the package:**

pip install networkx

**Creating Nodes**

Add one node at a time:

G.add_node(1)

Add a list of nodes:

G.add_nodes_from([2,3])

Let us create nodes in the graph G. After adding nodes 1, 2, 3, 4, 7, 9

**Creating Edges**

Adding one edge at a time:

G.add_edge(1,2) G.add_edge(3,1) G.add_edge(2,4) G.add_edge(4,1) G.add_edge(9,1)

Adding a list of edges:

G.add_edges_from([(1,2),(1,3)])

After adding edges (1,2), (3,1), (2,4), (4,1), (9,1), (1,7), (2,9)

**Removing Nodes and Edges**

One can demolish the graph using any of these functions:

Graph.remove_node(), Graph.remove_nodes_from(), Graph.remove_edge() and Graph.remove_edges_from()

After removing node 3

After removing edge (1,2)

`# Python program to create an undirected ` `# graph and add nodes and edges to a graph ` ` ` `# To import package ` `import` `networkx ` ` ` `# To create an empty undirected graph ` `G ` `=` `networkx.Graph() ` ` ` `# To add a node ` `G.add_node(` `1` `) ` `G.add_node(` `2` `) ` `G.add_node(` `3` `) ` `G.add_node(` `4` `) ` `G.add_node(` `7` `) ` `G.add_node(` `9` `) ` ` ` `# To add an edge ` `# Note graph is undirected ` `# Hence order of nodes in edge doesn't matter ` `G.add_edge(` `1` `,` `2` `) ` `G.add_edge(` `3` `,` `1` `) ` `G.add_edge(` `2` `,` `4` `) ` `G.add_edge(` `4` `,` `1` `) ` `G.add_edge(` `9` `,` `1` `) ` `G.add_edge(` `1` `,` `7` `) ` `G.add_edge(` `2` `,` `9` `) ` ` ` `# To get all the nodes of a graph ` `node_list ` `=` `G.nodes() ` `print` `(` `"#1"` `) ` `print` `(node_list) ` ` ` `# To get all the edges of a graph ` `edge_list ` `=` `G.edges() ` `print` `(` `"#2"` `) ` `print` `(edge_list) ` ` ` `# To remove a node of a graph ` `G.remove_node(` `3` `) ` `node_list ` `=` `G.nodes() ` `print` `(` `"#3"` `) ` `print` `(node_list) ` ` ` `# To remove an edge of a graph ` `G.remove_edge(` `1` `,` `2` `) ` `edge_list ` `=` `G.edges() ` `print` `(` `"#4"` `) ` `print` `(edge_list) ` ` ` `# To find number of nodes ` `n ` `=` `G.number_of_nodes() ` `print` `(` `"#5"` `) ` `print` `(n) ` ` ` `# To find number of edges ` `m ` `=` `G.number_of_edges() ` `print` `(` `"#6"` `) ` `print` `(m) ` ` ` `# To find degree of a node ` `# d will store degree of node 2 ` `d ` `=` `G.degree(` `2` `) ` `print` `(` `"#7"` `) ` `print` `(d) ` ` ` `# To find all the neighbor of a node ` `neighbor_list ` `=` `G.neighbors(` `2` `) ` `print` `(` `"#8"` `) ` `print` `(neighbor_list) ` ` ` `#To delete all the nodes and edges ` `G.clear()` |

Output :

#1 [1, 2, 3, 4, 7, 9] #2 [(1, 9), (1, 2), (1, 3), (1, 4), (1, 7), (2, 4), (2, 9)] #3 [1, 2, 4, 7, 9] #4 [(1, 9), (1, 4), (1, 7), (2, 4), (2, 9)] #5 5 #6 5 #7 2 #8 [4, 9]

In the next post, we’ll be discussing how to create weighted graphs, directed graphs, multi graphs. How to draw graphs. In later posts we’ll see how to use inbuilt functions like Depth fist search aka dfs, breadth first search aka BFS, dijkstra’s shortest path algorithm.

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Reference : **Networxx at Github

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