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JavaScript | date.setUTCSeconds() function

The date.setUTCSeconds() is an inbuilt function in JavaScript which is used to set seconds according to universal time into a date object which is created using Date() constructor.

Syntax:

DateObj.setUTCSeconds(seconds_Value);

DateObj is a valid Date object created using Date() constructor in which we want to set the second.Value of second is from 0 to 59.

Parameter: Here parameter seconds_Value is the value of second which we want to set in the date created using the Date() constructor.

Return Values: It returns the new i.e updated second which is set by setUTCSeconds() function.



Below program illustrate the setUTCSeconds() function:

// Here a date has been assigned according to
// universal time while creating Date object
var dateobj = new Date('October 13, 1996 05:35:32 GMT-3:00');
  
// new second of 52 is being set in above Date
// Object with the help of setUTCSeconds() function
dateobj.setUTCSeconds(52);
  
// new second from above Date Object is
// being extracted using getUTCSeconds()
var B = dateobj.getUTCSeconds();
  
// Printing new Second
console.log(B);

Output:

> 52

Errors and Exceptions

  • Code #1: If in Date() constructor we do not give any second while creating the Date object, still setUTCSeconds() function will be able to set new second which is given as its parameter according to universal time in the created Date object.
    // Here second has not been assigned according to
    // universal time while creating Date object
    var dateobj = new Date('October 13, 1996 GMT-3:00');
      
    // new second of 51 is being set in above Date
    // Object with the help of setUTCSeconds() function
    dateobj.setUTCSeconds(51);
      
    // new second from above Date Object is
    // being extracted using getUTCSeconds()
    var B = dateobj.getUTCSeconds();
      
    // Printing new Second
    console.log(B);

    Output:

    > 51
  • Code #2: If nothing as parameter is given in Date() constructor, still setUTCSeconds() function will be able to set second but month, year, date etc remains current ones.
    // Here nothing has been assigned
    // while creating Date object
    var dateobj = new Date();
      
    // new second of 42 is being set in above Date
    // Object with the help of setUTCSeconds() function
    dateobj.setUTCSeconds(42);
      
    // Seconds from above Date Object is
    // being extracted using getUTCSeconds()
    var B = dateobj.getUTCSeconds();
      
    // month from above Date Object is
    // being extracted using getUTCMonth()
    var C = dateobj.getUTCMonth();
      
    // date from above Date Object is
    // being extracted using getUTCDate()
    var D = dateobj.getUTCDate();
      
    // year from above Date Object is
    // being extracted using getUTCFullYear()
    var E = dateobj.getUTCFullYear();
      
    // Printing new seconds
    console.log(B);
      
    // Printing current month
    console.log(C);
      
    // Printing current date
    console.log(D);
      
    // Printing current year
    console.log(E);

    Output:

    > 42
    > 3
    > 1
    > 2018

    Here 42 is the new seconds, 3 is the current month i.e April, 1 is the current date and 2018 is the current year according to universal time.

  • Code #3: If value of second 66 is given as the parameter of setSeconds() function, It will set 6 as the second because second range is form 0 to 59 and hence 66-60=6, here 60 is substracted because 0 to 59 is 60.
    // Here date has been assigned according to
    // universal time while creating Date object
    var dateobj = new Date('October 13, 1996 05:35:32 GMT-3:00');
      
    // new second of 66 is being set in above Date
    // Object with the help of setUTCSeconds() function
    dateobj.setUTCSeconds(66);
      
    // seconds from above Date Object is
    // being extracted using getUTCSeconds()
    var B = dateobj.getUTCSeconds();
      
    // Minute from above Date Object is
    // being extracted using getUTCMinutes()
    var C = dateobj.getUTCMinutes();
      
    // Printing new seconds
    console.log(B);
      
    // Printing minutes
    console.log(C);

    Output:

    > 6
    > 36


This article is attributed to GeeksforGeeks.org

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