Tutorialspoint.dev

For-each loop in Java

Prerequisite: Decision making in Java

For-each is another array traversing technique like for loop, while loop, do-while loop introduced in Java5.

  • It starts with the keyword for like a normal for-loop.
  • Instead of declaring and initializing a loop counter variable, you declare a variable that is the same type as the base type of the array, followed by a colon, which is then followed by the array name.
  • In the loop body, you can use the loop variable you created rather than using an indexed array element.
  • It’s commonly used to iterate over an array or a Collections class (eg, ArrayList)


Syntax:

for (type var : array) 
{ 
    statements using var;
}

is equivalent to:

for (int i=0; i<arr.length; i++) 
{ 
    type var = arr[i];
    statements using var;
}
// Java program to illustrate 
// for-each loop
class For_Each     
{
    public static void main(String[] arg)
    {
        {
            int[] marks = { 125, 132, 95, 116, 110 };
              
            int highest_marks = maximum(marks);
            System.out.println("The highest score is " + highest_marks);
        }
    }
    public static int maximum(int[] numbers)
    
        int maxSoFar = numbers[0];
          
        // for each loop
        for (int num : numbers) 
        {
            if (num > maxSoFar)
            {
                maxSoFar = num;
            }
        }
    return maxSoFar;
    }
}

Output:

The highest score is 132

Limitations of for-each loop

  1. For-each loops are not appropriate when you want to modify the array:
    for (int num : marks) 
    {
        // only changes num, not the array element
        num = num*2; 
    }
    
  2. For-each loops do not keep track of index. So we can not obtain array index using For-Each loop
    for (int num : numbers) 
    { 
        if (num == target) 
        {
            return ???;   // do not know the index of num
        }
    }
    
  3. For-each only iterates forward over the array in single steps
    // cannot be converted to a for-each loop
    for (int i=numbers.length-1; i>0; i--) 
    {
          System.out.println(numbers[i]);
    }
    
  4. For-each cannot process two decision making statements at once
    // cannot be easily converted to a for-each loop 
    for (int i=0; i<numbers.length; i++) 
    {
        if (numbers[i] == arr[i]) 
        { ...
        } 
    }
    

Related Articles:
For-each in C++ vs Java
Iterator vs For-each in Java

Please write comments if you find anything incorrect, or you want to share more information about the topic discussed above.



This article is attributed to GeeksforGeeks.org

You Might Also Like

leave a comment

code

0 Comments

load comments

Subscribe to Our Newsletter