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std::slice (Valarray slice selector)

Valarray slice selector : This class represents a valarray slice selector. It does not contain nor refers to any element – it only describes a selection of elements to be used as an index in valarray::operator[].

std::slice is the selector class that identifies a subset of std::valarray. An object of type std::slice holds three values: the starting index, the stride, and the total number of values in the subset. Objects of type std::slice can be used as indexes with valarray’s operator[].

class slice;

In simple terms it is used to slice based on an index. A valarray slice is defined by a starting index, a size, and a stride.
Syntax :

slice( std::size_t start, std::size_t size, std::size_t stride );
size_t star : is the index of the first element in the selection
size_t size : is the number of elements in the selection
stride : is the span that separates the elements selected.
  • In given Syntax, by default constructor isequivalent to slice(0, 0, 0). This constructor exists only to allow construction of arrays of slices.
  • It constructs a new slice with parameters start, size, stride. This slice will refer to size number of elements, each with the position:
    start + 0*stride
    start + 1*stride
    ....
    ....
    start + (size-1)*stride
    

Example:

slice(1, 5, 4)
Input :  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
Output : 1 5 9 13 17 
Explanation : starting from index 1 then next index 1 + 1 * 4 = 5, next index 1 + 2 * 4 = 9, 
              next index 1 + 3 * 4 = 13, next index 1 + 4 * 4 = 17.

Therefore, a slice with a stride higher than 1 does not select contiguous elements in the valarray. For example, slice(3, 4, 5) selects the elements 3, 8, 13 and 18.



// C++ program to test the functioning of std::slice
#include <iostream> // std::cout
#include <cstddef> // std::size_t
#include <valarray> // std::valarray, std::slice
  
int main()
{
    std::valarray<int> sample(12);
    // initialising valarray
    for (int i = 0; i < 13; ++i)
        sample[i] = i;
  
    // using slice from start 1 and size 3 and stride 4
    std::valarray<int> bar = sample[std::slice(2, 3, 4)];
  
    // display slice result
    std::cout << "slice(2, 3, 4):";
    for (std::size_t n = 0; n < bar.size(); n++)
        std::cout << ' ' << bar[n];
    std::cout << ' ';
  
    return 0;
}

Output:

slice(2, 3, 4): 2 6 10

Application : A simple application of slice is finding the trace of a matrix.

// C++ program to find trace of a matrix by using std::slice
#include <iostream> // std::cout
#include <valarray> // std::valarray, std::slice
  
using namespace std;
  
int main()
{
    // row and column of matrix
    int row = 3, col = 3;
  
    // matrix of size row*col in row major form.
    std::valarray<int> matrix(row * col);
  
    // initialising matrix
    for (int i = 0; i < row * col; ++i)
        matrix[i] = i + 1;
  
    // using slice from start 0 with size as col and stride col+1
    std::valarray<int> diagonal = matrix[std::slice(0, col, col + 1)];
  
    // finding trace using diagonal we got using slice
    int index = 0;
    for (int i = 0; i < row; i++) {
        for (int j = 0; j < col; j++)
            std::cout << matrix[index++] << " "; // same as matrix[i][j]
        std::cout << endl;
    }
  
    int sum = 0; // initialising sum as 0
    // calculating trace of matrix
    for (int i = 0; i < diagonal.size(); i++)
        sum += diagonal[i];
    std::cout << "Trace of matrix is : ";
    std::cout << sum << endl; // sum is trace of matrix
    return 0;
}

Output:

1 2 3 
4 5 6 
7 8 9 
Trace of matrix is : 15

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This article is attributed to GeeksforGeeks.org

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