multimap lower_bound() function in C++ STL

The multimap::lower_bound(k) is a built-in function in C++ STL which returns an iterator pointing to the key in the container which is equivalent to k passed in the parameter. In case k is not present in the multimap container, the function returns an iterator pointing to the immediate next element which is just greater than k. If the key passed in the parameter exceeds the maximum key in the container, then the iterator returned points to key+1 and element = 0.

Syntax:

multimap_name.lower_bound(key)

Parameters: This function accepts a single mandatory parameter key which specifies the element whose lower_bound is to be returned.

Return Value: The function returns an iterator pointing to the key in the container which is equivalent to k passed in the parameter. In case k is not present in the multimap container, the function returns an iterator pointing to the immediate next element which is just greater than k. If the key passed in the parameter exceeds the maximum key in the container, then the iterator returned points to key+1 and element=0.

 // C++ function for illustration // multimap::lower_bound() function #include using namespace std;    int main() {        // initialize container     multimap mp;        // insert elements in random order     mp.insert({ 2, 30 });     mp.insert({ 1, 40 });     mp.insert({ 2, 60 });     mp.insert({ 2, 20 });     mp.insert({ 1, 50 });     mp.insert({ 4, 50 });        // when 2 is present     auto it = mp.lower_bound(2);     cout << "The lower bound of key 2 is ";     cout << (*it).first << " " << (*it).second << endl;        // when 3 is not present     it = mp.lower_bound(3);     cout << "The lower bound of key 3 is ";     cout << (*it).first << " " << (*it).second;        // when 5 exceeds     it = mp.lower_bound(5);     cout << "The lower bound of key 3 is ";     cout << (*it).first << " " << (*it).second;     return 0; }

Output:

The lower bound of key 2 is 2 30
The lower bound of key 3 is 4 50The lower bound of key 3 is 6 0