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Height of a complete binary tree (or Heap) with N nodes

Consider a Binary Heap of size N. We need to find height of it.

Examples :

Input : N = 6
Output : 2
        ()
      /    
     ()     ()
    /      /
  ()    () ()

Input : N = 9
Output :
        ()
      /    
     ()     ()
    /      /  
  ()    () ()   ()
 / 
()  ()


Let the size of heap be N and height be h
If we take few examples, we can notice that the value of h in a complete binary tree is ceil(log2(N+1)) – 1.
Examples :

 N    h
---------
 1    0
 2    1
 3    1
 4    2
 5    2
 .....
 .....

C++

// CPP program to find height of complete
// binary tree from total nodes.
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
  
int height(int N)
{
    return ceil(log2(N + 1)) - 1;
}
  
// driver node
int main()
{
    int N = 6;
    cout << height(N);
    return 0;
}

Java

// Java program to find height
// of complete binary tree
// from total nodes.
import java.lang.*;
  
class GFG {
      
    // Function to calculate height 
    static int height(int N)
    {
        return (int)Math.ceil(Math.log(N + 
                    1) / Math.log(2)) - 1;
    }
  
    // Driver Code
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        int N = 6;
        System.out.println(height(N));
    }
}
  
// This code is contributed by
// Smitha Dinesh Semwal

Python 3

# Python 3 program to find 
# height of complete binary
# tree from total nodes.
import math
def height(N):
    return math.ceil(math.log2(N + 1)) - 1
  
# driver node
N = 6
print(height(N))
  
# This code is contributed by
# Smitha Dinesh Semwal

C#

// C# program to find height
// of complete binary tree
// from total nodes.
using System;
  
class GFG {
    static int height(int N)
    {
        return (int)Math.Ceiling(Math.Log(N 
                   + 1) / Math.Log(2)) - 1;
    }
  
    // Driver node
    public static void Main()
    {
        int N = 6;
        Console.Write(height(N));
    }
}
  
// This code is contributed by
// Smitha Dinesh Semwal

PHP

<?php
// PHP program to find height
// of complete binary tree
// from total nodes.
  
function height($N)
{
    return ceil(log($N + 1, 2)) - 1;
}
  
// Driver Code
$N = 6;
echo height($N);
  
// This code is contributed by aj_36
?>

Output :

2


This article is attributed to GeeksforGeeks.org

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