In Open Addressing, all elements are stored in the hash table itself. So at any point, size of table must be greater than or equal to total number of keys (Note that we can increase table size by copying old data if needed).
- Insert(k) – Keep probing until an empty slot is found. Once an empty slot is found, insert k.
- Search(k) – Keep probing until slot’s key doesn’t become equal to k or an empty slot is reached.
- Delete(k) – Delete operation is interesting. If we simply delete a key, then search may fail. So slots of deleted keys are marked specially as “deleted”.
Here, to mark a node deleted we have used dummy node with key and value -1.
Insert can insert an item in a deleted slot, but search doesn’t stop at a deleted slot.
The entire process ensures that for any key, we get an integer position within the size of the Hash Table to insert the corresponding value.
So the process is simple, user gives a (key, value) pair set as input and based on the value generated by hash function an index is generated to where the value corresponding to the particular key is stored. So whenever we need to fetch a value corresponding to a key that is just O(1).
key = 1 value = 1 key = 2 value = 3 2 3 1 0 0
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