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8085 program to exchange content of HL register pair with DE register pair

Problem – Write an assembly language program in 8085 microprocessor to exchange content of HL register pair with DE register pair using PUSH and POP instructions.

Example –

Assumption – Content is already present in HL and DE register.

Algorithm –



  1. Initialize stack pointer (SP) by 3FFF.
  2. Push the content of H and L register into the stack. Decrements SP by 2.
  3. Push the content of D and E register into the stack. Decrements SP by 2.
  4. Pop the upper two bytes from top of stack and place it in HL register. Increment SP by 2.
  5. Pop the remaining two bytes from top of stack and place it in DE register. Increment SP by 2.

Program –

MEMORY ADDRESS MNEMONICS COMMENT
2000 LXI SP 3FFF SP <- 3FFF
2003 PUSH H SP <- SP – 1, M[SP] <- H, SP <- SP – 1, M[SP] <- L
2004 PUSH D SP <- SP – 1, M[SP] <- D, SP <- SP – 1, M[SP] <- E
2005 POP H L <- M[SP], SP <- SP + 1, H <- M[SP], SP <- SP + 1
2006 POP D E <- M[SP], SP <- SP + 1, D <- M[SP], SP <- SP + 1
2007 HLT ENDT

Explanation – Registers used H, L, D, E:

  1. LXI SP 3FFF: initialize SP by 3FFF.
  2. PUSH H: push the content of H and L register into the stack and decrements stack pointer by 2.
  3. PUSH D: push the content of D and E register into the stack and decrements stack pointer by 2.
  4. POP H: pop the upper two bytes from top of stack and place it in HL register pair and increment SP by 2.
  5. POP D: pop the upper two bytes from top of stack and place it in DE register pair and increment SP by 2.
  6. HLT: stops executing the program and halts any further execution.


This article is attributed to GeeksforGeeks.org

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