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fillpoly() function in C

The header file graphics.h contains fillpoly() function which is used to draw and fill a polygon i.e. triangle, rectangle, pentagon, hexagon etc. It require same arguments as drawpoly().

Syntax :

void fillpoly( int number, int *polypoints );

where,
number indicates (n + 1) number of points 
where, n is the number of vertices in a 
polygon. polypoints points to a sequence
of (n*2) integers.

Examples :

Input : arr[] = {320, 150, 400, 250,
                 250, 350, 320, 150};
Output : 

Input : arr[] = {120, 250, 400, 250, 400,
                350, 450, 200, 120, 250};
Output : 

Explanation : The declaration of fillpoly() contains two arguments: number indicates (n + 1) number of points where n is the number of vertices in a polygon.The second argument, i.e, polypoints points to a sequence of (n * 2) integers . Each pair of integers gives x and y coordinates of a point on the polygon. We specify (n + 1) points because first point coordinates should be equal to (n + 1)th to draw a complete figure.

Example 1: Drawing a triangle using fillpoly.
int arr[] = {320, 150, 400, 250, 250, 350, 320, 150};



Array arr contains coordinates of triangle which are (320, 150), (400, 250) and (250, 350). Note that last point(320, 150) in array is same as first.

Below is the implementation of fillpoly() function.

// C Implementation for fillpoly()
#include <graphics.h>
  
// driver code
int main()
{
    // gm is Graphics mode which is
    // a computer display mode that
    // generates image using pixels.
    // DETECT is a macro defined in
    // "graphics.h" header file
    int gd = DETECT, gm;
     
    // coordinates for polygon
    int arr[] = {320, 150, 400, 250, 
                250, 350, 320, 150};
  
    // initgraph initializes the
    // graphics system by loading a
    // graphics driver from disk
    initgraph(&gd, &gm, "");
  
    // fillpoly function
    fillpoly(4, arr);
  
    getch();
  
    // closegraph function closes the
    // graphics mode and deallocates
    // all memory allocated by
    // graphics system .
    closegraph();
  
    return 0;
}

Output :


Note : fillpoly() fills using current fill pattern and color which can be changed using setfillstyle.

Below is the program which uses setfillstyle() for filling a polygon.

// C Implementation for fillpoly()
// using setfillstyle()
#include <graphics.h>
  
// driver code
int main()
{
    // gm is Graphics mode which is
    // a computer display mode that
    // generates image using pixels.
    // DETECT is a macro defined in
    // "graphics.h" header file
    int gd = DETECT, gm;
  
    // coordinates of polygon
    int arr[] = {320, 150, 400, 250, 
                 250, 350, 320, 150};
  
    // initgraph initializes the
    // graphics system by loading a
    // graphics driver from disk
    initgraph(&gd, &gm, "");
  
    // setfillstyle function sets the
    // current fill pattern and fill color.
    setfillstyle(XHATCH_FILL, RED);
  
    // fillpoly function
    fillpoly(4, arr);
  
    getch();
  
    // closegraph function closes the
    // graphics mode and deallocates
    // all memory allocated by
    // graphics system .
    closegraph();
  
    return 0;
}

Output :




This article is attributed to GeeksforGeeks.org

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