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One line function for factorial of a number

Factorial of a non-negative integer, is multiplication of all integers smaller than or equal to n.

Example :

Factorial of 6 is 6 * 5 * 4 * 3 * 2 * 1 which is 720.

We can find the factorial of a number in one line with the help of Ternary operator or commonly known as Conditional operator in recursion.



C++

// C++ program to find factorial of given number
#include<iostream>
  
int factorial(int n)
{
    // single line to find factorial
    return (n==1 || n==0) ? 1: n * factorial(n - 1); 
}
  
// Driver Code
int main()
{
    int num = 5;
    printf ("Factorial of %d is %d", num, factorial(num));
    return 0;
}

Java

// Java program to find factorial of given number
  
import java.io.*;
  
class GFG {
  
    static int factorial(int n)
    {
          
        // single line to find factorial
        return (n == 1 || n == 0) ? 1 : n * 
                                factorial(n - 1);
    }
  
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
          
        int num = 5;
          
        System.out.println("Factorial of " + num + 
                           " is " + factorial(num));
    }
}
  
// This code is contributed by Ajit.

Python3

# Python3 program to find
# factorial of given number
  
def factorial(n):
      
    # single line to
    # find factorial
    return 1 if (n == 1 or n == 0) else n * factorial(n - 1);
  
# Driver Code
num = 5;
print("Factorial of", num,
      "is", factorial(num));
  
# This is contributed by mits

C#

// C# program to find factorial
// of given number
using System;
  
class GFG 
{
  
    // Function to calculate factorial
    static int factorial(int n)
    {
          
        // single line to find factorial
        return (n == 1 || n == 0) ?
                1 : n * factorial(n - 1);
    }
  
    public static void Main()
    {
          
        int num = 5;
        Console.WriteLine("Factorial of " + num + 
                        " is " + factorial(num));
    }
}
  
// This code is contributed by vt_m.

PHP

<?php
// PHP program to find 
// factorial of given number
  
function factorial($n)
{
    // single line to find factorial
    return ($n==1 || $n==0) ? 1 : 
            $n * factorial($n - 1); 
}
  
// Driver Code
$num = 5;
echo "Factorial of ", $num
     " is ", factorial($num);
  
// This code is contributed by Ajit.
?>

/div>


Output :

 Factorial of 5 is 120


This article is attributed to GeeksforGeeks.org

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