Check if binary representation of a number is palindrome

Given an integer ‘x’, write a C function that returns true if binary representation of x is palindrome else return false.

For example a numbers with binary representation as 10..01 is palindrome and number with binary representation as 10..00 is not palindrome.

The idea is similar to checking a string is palindrome or not. We start from leftmost and rightmost bits and compare bits one by one. If we find a mismatch, then return false.

Algorithm:
isPalindrome(x)
1) Find number of bits in x using sizeof() operator.
2) Initialize left and right positions as 1 and n respectively.
3) Do following while left ‘l’ is smaller than right ‘r’.
..…..a) If bit at position ‘l’ is not same as bit at position ‘r’, then return false.
..…..b) Increment ‘l’ and decrement ‘r’, i.e., do l++ and r–-.
4) If we reach here, it means we didn’t find a mismatching bit.

To find the bit at a given position, we can use the idea similar to this post. The expression “x & (1 << (k-1))” gives us non-zero value if bit at k’th position from right is set and gives a zero value if if k’th bit is not set.

Following is the implementation of the above algorithm.

C/C++

 // C++ Program to Check if binary representation // of a number is palindrome #include using namespace std;    // This function returns true if k'th bit in x  // is set (or 1). For example if x (0010) is 2  // and k is 2, then it returns true bool isKthBitSet(unsigned int x, unsigned int k) {     return (x & (1 << (k - 1))) ? true : false; }    // This function returns true if binary  // representation of x is palindrome. // For example (1000...001) is paldindrome bool isPalindrome(unsigned int x) {     int l = 1; // Initialize left position     int r = sizeof(unsigned int) * 8; // initialize right position        // One by one compare bits     while (l < r)     {         if (isKthBitSet(x, l) != isKthBitSet(x, r))             return false;         l++; r--;     }     return true; }    // Driver Code int main() {     unsigned int x = 1 << 15 + 1 << 16;     cout << isPalindrome(x) << endl;     x = 1 << 31 + 1;     cout << isPalindrome(x) << endl;     return 0; }

Python3

 # python 3 Program to Check if binary representation # of a number is palindrome import sys # This function returns true if k'th bit in x  # is set (or 1). For example if x (0010) is 2  # and k is 2, then it returns true def isKthBitSet(x, k):     if ((x & (1 << (k - 1))) !=0):         return True     else:         return False    # This function returns true if binary  # representation of x is palindrome. # For example (1000...001) is paldindrome def isPalindrome(x):     l = 1 # Initialize left position     r = 2 * 8 # initialize right position        # One by one compare bits     while (l < r):         if (isKthBitSet(x, l) != isKthBitSet(x, r)):             return False         l += 1         r -= 1            return True    # Driver Code if __name__ =='__main__':     x = 1 << 15 + 1 << 16     print(int(isPalindrome(x)))     x = 1 << 31 + 1     print(int(isPalindrome(x)))    # This code is contributed by # Surendra_Gangwar



Output:

1
1